“Restrictions on the healing of possession of the premises let loose to the tenants had been imposed for the benefit of the tenants as a count number of legislative coverage”
The Supreme Court has determined that the protection offered to a statutory tenant by using Rent Control Laws can simplest be triumph over by following the method specified in such laws.
The bench comprising Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Hemant Gupta located that this kind of statutory tenant may be evicted best via following the technique laid down in relevant lease control laws and no longer through a filing in shape for possession towards him/her.
Shiv Dev Kaur let loose assets to Chander Parkash Soni for hire. The life estate granted to Shiv Dev Kaur had enabled her to create a tenancy and receive the lease from the tenants at the belongings. After Kaur died, the opposite heirs became the owners of the belongings. They filed a fit for ownership towards the tenant on the idea that the tenant was a trespasser after the loss of life of Kaur. The trial court docket decreed the Suit. The High Court, in 2nd appeal, dismissed the suit.
While thinking about the enchantment in opposition to the High Court judgment, the bench discovered that Soni in whose favor a tenancy was created has received a status of a statutory tenant [under the definition of the expression ‘tenant’ in Section 2(i) of the East Punjab Urban Rent Restriction Act 1949] and that reputation does no longer stand obviated through the death of Kaur. It stated:
“The treatment to be had to the appellants to do away with the primary respondent from the belongings is by pursuing eviction court cases on one or more of the grounds available within the enactment. Section 13 lays down the method for eviction of tenants. Only upon the delight of the Controller that enough grounds exist for eviction of the tenant can an order be exceeded directing the tenant to vacate the premises. The protection offered to a statutory tenant can simplest be overcome via following the manner laid out within the enactment”
The bench similarly observed that statutory protection granted for the benefit of the tenants beneath precise tenancy legal guidelines is to be viewed from a perspective of protective the pastimes of a specific elegance. Restrictions on recovery of ownership of the premises let out to the tenants had been imposed for the benefit of the tenants as a depend on legislative policy, it stated. While upholding the High Court judgment, the bench stated:
“The advent of the tenancy becomes an act of the man or woman enjoying a lifestyles interest in the gift case and changed into an incident of the authority of that person to generate income from the property for her very own sustenance. The creation of a tenancy is an incident of the exercising of such an authority. The protection which is conferred upon the tenant in opposition to eviction, besides on distinctive grounds, arises due to statutory prescription under rent manage rules. The reason why the tenant is entitled to occupy the premises past the lifestyles time of the landlord who created the tenancy is without a doubt as a result of a statutory enactment, in this situation, the East Punjab Rent Restriction Act 1949. It is the intervention of a legislative mandate which enures to the gain of the tenant. Once this has taken vicinity, it became now not open to the civil court docket to entertain a match for ownership founded on the speculation that the tenant is a trespasser.”